সাময়িক প্রসঙ্গ
যে ইজতিহাদ শরী‘আতে বৈধ
শাইখ কামাল উদ্দিন মোল্লা

[2q ce©]

gymnv‡d ÔDmgvbx‡Z Am¤ú~Y© wKivAv‡Zi Øviv `jxj †ck Kiv : D`vniY¯^iƒc ejv P‡j, ÔAv‡jgMY Ggb KZK¸‡jv AcÖwm× wKivAvZ Øviv `jxj †ck K‡i‡Qb hv †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv mvnvev n‡Z mnxn e‡j ewY©Z Av‡Q| Aek¨ H wKivAvZ  مصحفُ عثماني ev ÔDmgvb (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û) KZ©…K wjwce× KziAv‡b †bB| †Kbbv Gme wKivAvZ¸‡jv ÔBj&g I ÔAvg‡ji BswMZ enb K‡i Ges †mUv mwVK Le‡i Iqv‡n`| ÔAv‡jgMY Zvi Øviv ÔAvg‡ji `jxj cÖwZôv K‡i‡Qb| wKš‘ †mUv‡K KziAv‡bi Ask wn‡m‡e MY¨ K‡ibwb| †Kbbv KziAv‡bi Ask cÖgvY Ki‡Z n‡j AKvU¨ `jx‡ji cÖ‡qvRb|

nv`xm Øviv kvw¯Í cÖwZôv : mvj‡d mv‡jnxb Ges AwaKvsk dKxnM‡Yi g‡Z Gme nv`xm¸‡jv‡Z †h kvw¯Íi D‡jøL i‡q‡Q, Zv h_v_© `jxj wn‡m‡e M„wnZ n‡e| †Kbbv mvnvevMY Ges cieZ©x mgq Zv‡eCbMY me©`vB kvw¯Í wba©vi‡Yi nv`xm Øviv `jxj cÖwZôv K‡i‡Qb Ges Zv Kv‡R cwiYZ K‡i‡Qb Ges ÔAvgjKvixi Dci kvw¯Í cÖwZôvi e¨vcv‡i Gi mvwe©K I wek` weeiYI w`‡q‡Qb| Zv‡`i nv`xm I dvZvIqvi GB RvZxq gZvgZ¸‡jv Qwo‡q Av‡Q|

GUv GRb¨ †h, kvw¯ÍI kixÔAv‡Zi ûKz‡gi AšÍf©‚³ Ges kixÔAv‡Zi ûKzg AKvU¨ `jxj Øviv Avevi KLbI ¯úó `jxj Øviv cÖwZwôZ n‡q _v‡K| †Kbbv, kvw¯Íi weavb Øviv c~Y© wek¦vm D‡Ïk¨ bq; eis Ggb e×g~j aiYv hv wek¦v‡mi AšÍf©‚³ wKsev cÖavb¨c~Y© aviYv| †hgb- ÔAvgj m¤úwK©Z ûKz‡g n‡q _v‡K| †hgb- gvby‡li GB aviYv Kiv †h, Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv †m¸‡jv nvivg K‡i‡Qb Ges H nvivg Kv‡R wjß e¨w³‡K msw¶ß fxwZ cÖ`k©b K‡i‡Qb| Avi Ggb aviYv Kiv †h, Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv GUv nvivg K‡i‡Qb wKsev Zvi Rb¨ wbw`©ó kvw¯Íi IqvÔ`v K‡i‡Qb| GB Df‡qi g‡a¨ †Kv‡bv cv_©K¨ †bB| †Kbbv Dfq cÖKvi kvw¯ÍB wba©vwiZ I Awba©vwiZ gnvb Avjøvni c¶ n‡Z Ges Gi Lei`vZv gnvb Avjøvni c¶ n‡Z Lei w`‡q‡Qb| myZivs cÖgvY wn‡m‡e cÖ_g e¨vcv‡i Lei †`qv Rvwqh; eis hw` †KD e‡jÑ kvwšÍi e¨vcv‡i Gi Dci ÔAvgj KivB AwaK hyw³c~Y©, Z‡e †m K_v mwVKfv‡e Rvb‡Z n‡e| GB Rb¨B kixÔAv‡Zi AvnKvgc~Y© nv`x‡m mb‡`i e¨vcv‡i ZZUv mZK©Zv Aej¤^b Ki‡Zb bv| †Kbbv kvw¯Íi aviYv cÖe„wˇK kvw¯Íg~jK KvR n‡Z weiZ _vK‡Z wk¶v †`q| hw` nv`x‡m ewY©Z kvw¯ÍwU mZ¨ nq Z‡e †jvKwU gyw³ †cj| Avi hw` kvw¯Í mZ¨ bv nq eis Kv‡Ri cwiYwZ cÖ‡hvR¨ kvw¯Íi †P‡q nvjKv nq, Z‡e †jvKwUi †Kv‡bv ¶wZ n‡jv bv| wKš‘ kZ© n‡jv †m H KvRwU‡K ¶wZKi g‡b K‡i cwiZ¨vM Ki‡e|

g~j K_v GB †h, hw` †Kv‡bv e¨w³ fzjekZt †Kv‡bv Kv‡Ri kvw¯Íi cwigvY Kg aviYv K‡i Z‡e ¶wZi KviY n‡e| †Kbbv Kv‡Ri cwiYv‡g Avmj kvw¯Í Kg aviYv Ki‡j †m H Kv‡R wjß n‡Z cv‡i| Gfv‡e AwZwi³ kvw¯Í m¤ú‡K© nu¨v †evaK ev bv †evaK aviYv bv iv‡L, Zvn‡jI fzj Kij| kvw¯Í m¤úwK©Z GB fzj aviYvi cwiYwZ GB †h, KLbI H e¨w³ H KvR‡K mvaviY g‡b K‡i Zv‡Z wjß n‡Z cv‡i| d‡j †m AwaKZi kvw¯Íi m¤§yLxb n‡e| hw` H Kv‡Ri Rb¨ GB kvw¯Í cÖ‡hvR¨ n‡q _v‡K, Z‡e ejv †h‡Z cv‡i †h, kvw¯Í m¤úwK©Z fzj aviYv Dfq †¶‡ÎB ¶wZKi| wKš‘ kvw¯Íi Dci e×g~j aviYv ivLv AvRve n‡Z cwiÎv‡Yi Dcvq Ges GUv ÁvbmsMZ K_v| myZivs G †¶ÎwUB AwaKZi †kÖq|

nviv‡gi `jx‡ji cÖvavb¨ : D‡jøwLZ eY©bv Abyhvqx, AwaKvsk ÔAv‡jg nviv‡gi `jxjwU‡K nvjv‡ji `jx‡ji Dci cÖvavb¨ w`‡q _v‡Kb Ges Zvi Dci wfwË K‡iB eû wdKvn kv¯¿we` kixÔAv‡Zi AvnKv‡gi e¨vcv‡i mveavbZv Aej¤^b Ki‡Zb|

†Kv‡bv KvR m¤úv`‡b mveavbZvi e¨vcv‡i Ges Zvi fvj-g›` nIqvi e¨vcv‡i Ávbxiv GKgZ| nu¨v, hw` †Kv‡bv e¨w³i g‡b GB m‡›`n Rv‡M †h, GB kvw¯Í mZ¨ wK AmZ¨, Zv n‡jv nu¨v †eva‡Ki w`KwU bv †eva‡Ki Dci cÖvavb¨ cv‡e|

†Kv‡bv †jv‡Ki Giƒc ejv wVK n‡e bv †h, kvw¯Íi Rb¨ AKvU¨ `jxj bv _vKv kvw¯Í cÖ‡hvR¨ bv nIqvi cÖgvY| †hgb- KziAv‡bi AwZwi³ wKivAv‡Zi Rb¨ خبرُمتواترُ (Le‡i gyZvIqv‡Zi) bv _vKv H wKivAvZ¸‡jv ï× bv nIqvi `jxj| K_‡Ki GB K_v wVK bq| †Kbbv `jxj bv _vKv `jxjK…Z e¯‘ bv _vKv eySvq bv|

†h e¨w³ ÔBj&g welqK Kv‡R Zvi Aw¯Í‡Z¡i AKvU¨ `jxj bv _vKvi Kvi‡Y H e¯‘‡K wQbœ K‡i, †m cÖKvk¨ fz‡j wjß| Aek¨ Kvjvg kv¯¿we`‡`i GK`j Giƒc K‡i _v‡Kb|

wKš‘ hLb Avgiv Rvb‡Z cvwi, †Kv‡bv e¯‘i Aw¯ÍZ¡ GB wm×všÍ wb‡Z eva¨ K‡i †h, Awbevh©fv‡e Zvi `jxj cvIqv hv‡e| myZivs hLb Rvbjvg `jxj †bB, AZGe eySv †Mj e¯‘wUI G‡Kev‡iB Aw¯ÍZ¡nxb| †Kbbv Awbevh© bv nIqvB Awbevh© e¯‘ bv nIqvi cÖgvY| Avi Avgiv GI Rvb‡Z †c‡iwQ †h, Avjøvni wKZve I Zvi Øxb cÖPv‡ii h‡_ó DcKiY i‡q‡Q| gymwjg‡`i Rb¨ †mUvi †Kv‡bvwU †Mvcb ev inm¨ve„Z ivLv DwPZ bq| †Kbbv gvbe mgv‡Ri Rb¨ Zv AZxe cÖ‡qvRbxq| Avi †m¸‡jv gymwjg D¤§v‡Zi Rb¨ mvaviY `jxj¯^iƒc|

DnviY¯^iƒc ejv hvq †h, Bmjvg a‡g© hLb Qq Iqv³ mvjvZ m¤ú‡K© †Kv‡bv eY©bvB †bB, Gfv‡e KziAv‡b ewY©Z m~iv¸‡jv Qvov bZzb †Kv‡bv m~iv eY©bv †bB| G‡Z cÖZxqvgb nq †h, Bmjv‡g Qq Iqv³ di&h mvjvZI †bB Ges KziAv‡b ewY©Z m~iv Qvov Ab¨ †Kv‡bv m~ivI †bB|

wKš‘ kvw¯Í cÖ‡hvR¨ Aa¨vqwU GB Aa¨v‡qi AšÍf©‚³ bq| †Kbbv cÖ‡Z¨K Kv‡Ri kvw¯Íi eY©bv Avgv‡`i Kv‡Q avivevwnK I †gvZvIqv‡Zi nIqv kZ© bq| Giƒcfv‡e kvw¯Íi ûKzgwUI avivevwnK I †gvZvIqv‡Zi nIqv kZ© bq|

D‡jøwLZ eY©bvq eySv †Mj, †m mg¯Í nv`xm BswMZen Zv‡Z ÔAvgj Kiv IqvwRe| †Kbbv H Kv‡Ri ÔAvgjKvix‡K fxwZcÖ`k©b Kiv n‡q‡Q| wKš‘ kvw¯Í cÖ‡hvR¨ nevi Rb¨ KZK¸‡jv kZ© i‡q‡Q, c¶všÍ‡i Gi Rb¨ KZK¸‡jv cÖwZeÜKZvI i‡q‡Q| GB ixwZwU KZK¸‡jv D`vni‡Yi gva¨‡g e¨³ Kiv hvq|

1. gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) n‡Z ï× eY©bvq ewY©Z n‡q‡QÑ

«لَعَنَ اللهُ آكِلِ الرِّبَا وَمُوْكِلِهِ، وَشَاهِدِيْهِ، وَكَاتِبَهُ.

A_©vr- my`‡Lvi, my``vZv, mv¶xØq I Gi †jL‡Ki Dci gnvb Avjøvni jvÔbvZ|[1]

2. gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) n‡Z Av‡iv ewY©Z n‡q‡Q| wZwb H e¨w³‡K j¶¨ K‡i e‡j‡Qb †h, GK mvÕ-Gi cwie‡Z© `yB mvÕ Lv`¨ bM` wewµ Ki‡j Zv cÖK…ZB my`| wZwb GI e‡j‡Qb :

«البُرُّ بِالْبُرِّ رِبًا، إِلَّا هَاءَ وَهَاءَ». (رواه البخاري ومسلم)

A_©vr- M‡gi cwie‡Z© Mg bM` g~j¨ Qvov my‡`i ch©vqfz³| A_©vr- evKx‡Z A_ev AwZwi³ wewbg‡qi gva¨‡g wewµ n‡j my` n‡e Ges bM` n‡j my` n‡e bv|[2]

D‡jøwLZ nv`x‡m `yB cÖKvi my‡`i Aw¯ÍZ¡ cvIqv hvq| GKwU AwZwi³ jvf Kiv m¤úK©xq, Ab¨wU evKx weµq m¤^Üxq| AZtci hv‡`i Kv‡Q ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg)-Gi G nv`xm †cuŠ‡Q‡QÑ

«إِنَّمَا الرِّبَا فِيْ النَّسِيْئَةِ».

A_©vr- my` n‡jv evKx weµ‡qi g‡a¨|

Zviv GK mvÔ-Gi cwie‡Z© `yB mvÔ-Gi bM` weµq‡K nvjvj g‡b Ki‡Zb| GB ivq n‡jv Beby ÔAveŸvm (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û) I Zvi m½x‡`i, Ave~m mvÕmv, AvZv, ZvDm, mvÔC` Beby †Rvev‡qi, BKivgvn& (ivwngvûgyjøv-n) I Ab¨vb¨MY, hviv ÔBj&g I ÔAvg‡j gymwjg RvwZi †MŠie wQ‡jb|

GLb †KD GK_v ej‡Z cvi‡e bv †h, D‡jøwLZ mvnvev I Zv‡`i AbymvixMY, my` m¤úwK©Z nv`x‡m my`‡Lvi‡`i ch©vqfz³ I Awfkß| †Kbbv Zviv D‡jøwLZ dvZvIqv w`‡qwQ‡jb GKwU ˆea I mywbw`©ó e¨vL¨vi Dci wfwË K‡i|

3. Ab¨ GKwU D`vniY GB †h, g`xbvi KwZcq ÔAv‡jg n‡Z ¯¿xi wcQ‡bi iv¯Ív w`‡q mnev‡mi ˆeaZvi D‡jøL Av‡Q| wKš‘ mybv‡b Ave~ `vE‡` ewY©Z Av‡Q †h, gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡jb,

مَنْ أَتَى امْرَأَةً فِيْ دُبُرِهَا فَهُوَ كَافِرٌ بِمَا أُنْزِلَ عَلٰى مُحَمَّدٍ.

A_©vr- †h e¨w³ Zvi ¯¿xi wcQ‡bi iv¯Ív w`‡q †hŠb mnevm K‡i, †m gynv¤§v` (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg)-Gi cÖwZ AeZ©xY e¯‘‡K A¯^xKvi Kij|[3]

wKš‘ KviI c‡¶ GUv ejv mgxPxb bq †h, H ÔAv‡jgMY gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg)-Gi Dci AeZxY© e¯‘i mv‡_ Kzd&ix K‡i‡Q|

4. Gfv‡e bvex Kvixg (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) n‡Z ewY©Z Av‡Q, wZwb kiv‡ei e¨vcv‡i `k e¨w³‡K jvÔbvZ K‡i‡Qb| Zv‡Z g` cÖ¯‘ZKvix, cÖ¯‘‡Z mvnvh¨Kvix I cvbKvix BZ¨vw` mKj cÖKvi †jvKB kvwgj|[4]

Giƒcfv‡e wewfbœ cš’vq ewY©Z Av‡Q, gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡j‡Qb :

«كُلُّ شَرَابٍ أَسْكَرَ فَهُوَ خَمْرٌ وَقَالَ كُلَّ مُسْكِرٍ خَمْرٌ».

A_©vr- Ggb cvbxq hv‡Z †bkv Av‡m, †mUvB kive Ges cÖ‡Z¨K †bkvhy³ e¯‘B kive|[5]

ÔDgvi (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û) wg¤^‡i, †gvnvwRixb I Avbmvi‡`i g‡a¨ LyZevn& w`‡Z wM‡q e‡jb :

الخَمْرَ مَا خَامَرَ العَقْلَ.

A_©vr- †h e¯‘ Ávb‡K Av”Qbœ K‡i ZvB kive|

Gici kive nvivg nIqvi AvqvZ AeZxY© nq| GB Avqv‡Zi kv‡b byh~j GB †h, ZrKv‡j g`xbvq kive cv‡bi mvaviY Af¨vm we`¨gvb wQj| Zviv ïay †LRy‡ii im Øviv kive ˆZix KiZ| Av½y‡ii i‡mi kive ˆZixi e¨e¯’v wQj bv|

Aek¨ gymwjg RvwZi g‡a¨ ÔBj&g I ÔAvg‡ji †¶‡Î cÖwm× KwZcq Kzdvevmx G aviYv †cvlY Ki‡Zb †h, Av½yi e¨ZxZ kive nq bv| Avi †LRyi I Av½yi e¨ZxZ Ab¨vb¨ d‡ji im †bkv cwigvY bv n‡j nvivg n‡e bv| Zviv nvjvj aviYv K‡i †mUv cvbI Ki‡Zb| GZ`m‡Ë¡ I H me †jvK‡`i‡K nv`x‡m ewY©Z kvw¯Íi AšÍf©‚³ Kiv hv‡e bv| †Kbbv, Zv‡`i IRi wQj Ges Zviv nv`xm‡K Zvexj K‡i‡Q| GQvov Ab¨vb¨ cÖwZeÜKZvI wQj|

GI ejv DwPr bq †h, Zviv †h kive cvb KiZ Zv Awfkß kive bq| †Kbbv, kiv‡ei Rb¨ †h mvaviY kã e¨eüZ n‡q‡Q Zv mKj cÖKvi g`‡K kvwgj K‡i| Avi GUvI Rvbv †h, ZLbKvi w`‡b g`xbvq Av½y‡ii kive ˆZix nZ bv| AZtci gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) kive we‡µZv‡K Awfkvc †`b| GZm‡Ë¡I KwZcq mvnvev kiv‡ei e¨emv Ki‡Zb| Ggb wK GB msev` ÔDgvi (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û)-Gi Kv‡Q †cuŠQ‡j wZwb ivMvwš^Z n‡q ej‡jb, AgyK‡K Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv aŸsm Kiæb| †m-wK Rv‡b bv †h, gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡j‡Qb :

«لَعَنَ اللهُ اليَهُوْدَ، حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْهِمُ الشُّحُوْمُ فَجَمَّلُوْهَا، فَبَاعُوْهَا وَأَكَلُوْا أَثْمَانَهَا». (رواه البخاري ومسلم)

A_©vr- Bqvn~`x‡`i Dci gnvb Avjøvni Awfkvc ewl©Z †nvK| Zv‡`i Rb¨ Pwe© nvivg Kiv n‡qwQj, wKš‘ Zviv Zv Mwj‡q wewµ Ki‡Zv I Zvi g~j¨ †fvM Ki‡Zv|[6]

kive we‡µZv mvnvex ÁvZ wQ‡jb bv †h, †mUv wewµ Kiv nvivg| GZ`m‡Z¡I ÔDgvi (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û) H mvnvex‡K H Kv‡Ri kvw¯Í m¤ú‡K© AewnZ K‡ibwb| Aek¨ wZwb kvw¯Íi eY©bv w`‡j H mvnvex I Ab¨vb¨MY Giƒc Lvivc KvR †_‡K †eu‡P †h‡Zb|

5. ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) Av½y‡ii im wbsiv‡bv e¨w³ Ges hvi Rb¨ wbsiv‡bv nq, Dfq‡KB jvÔbvZ K‡i‡Qb| Aek¨ eû msL¨K dKxn A‡b¨i Rb¨ Av½y‡ii im wbsov‡bv Rvwqh g‡b K‡ib, hw`I H e¨w³ Rv‡b †h, im w`‡q kive ˆZix Kiv n‡e|

GUv mn‡RB eySv hvq †h, D‡jøwLZ nv`xm im wbsiv‡bv e¨w³i Awfkß nIqvi e¨vcv‡i نصٌّ ev `jxj¯^iƒc, ZeyI H K‡g© wjß e¨w³‡K cÖwZeÜKZvi d‡j Awfkß ejv n‡e bv|

6. wewfbœ mnxn nv`x‡m gnbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) ciPzjvavixwb ¯¿x‡jvK Ges †h A‡b¨i Rb¨ ciPzjv ˆZix K‡i, Dfq‡K Awfkvc w`‡q‡Qb| Aek¨ KwZcq dKxni g‡Z G KvR ïay gvKiƒn|

7. ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡j‡Qb :

«إن الَّذِيْ يَشْرَبُ فِيْ آنِيَةِ الْفِضَّةِ، إِنَّمَا يُجَرْجِرُ فِيْ بَطْنِهِ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ». (رواه البخاري ومسلم)

A_©vr- hviv †iŠ‡c¨i cv‡Î cvwb cvb K‡i, Zviv wb‡R‡`i †c‡Ui g‡a¨ Rvnvbœv‡gi Av¸b cÖ‡ek Kivq Ges Zv‡`i †c‡U Rvnvbœv‡gi Av¸‡bi kã n‡e|[7]

GZ`m‡Ë¡I †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv dKxn GUv‡K gvKiƒwn ZvbwR‡n g‡b K‡ib|

8. bvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) Av‡iv e‡jb :

«إِذَا التَقَى المُسْلِمَانِ بِسَيْفَيْهِمَا فَالقَاتِلُ وَالمَقْتُوْلُ فِيْ النَّارِ». (رواه البخاري ومسلم)

A_©vr- hLb `yB gymwjg Zievix wb‡q G‡K A‡b¨i mvgbvmvgwb nq, ZLb NvZK I wbnZ e¨w³ Df‡qB Rvnvbœv‡g hv‡e|[8]

D‡jøwLZ nv`xm ÔAvgj Kiv IqvwRe| GUv GB BswMZ enb K‡i †h, mZ¨ cÖwZôv Kiv Qvov gymwjg‡`i nZ¨v Kiv nvivg| GZ`m‡Ë¡I Avgiv Rvwb †h, ÔRvgvjÕ hy‡× Ges ÔwmdwdbÕ hy‡× Ask MÖnYKvixMY Rvnvbœvgevmx bb| †Kbbv hy‡× AskMÖn‡Yi e¨vcv‡i Zv‡`i IRi wQj| GQvov Zviv Ggb me mr KvR K‡iwQ‡jb, hv Zv‡`i Rvnvbœv‡g cÖ‡e‡ki c‡_ cÖwZeÜK wn‡m‡e `uvwo‡qwQj|

9. ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡j‡Qb :

ثَلَاثَةٌ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمْ اللهُ وَلَا يَنْظُرُ إِلَيْهِمْ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، وَلَا يُزَكِّيهِمْ وَلَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ، رَجُلٌ عَلٰى فَضْلِ مَاءٍ يَمْنَعُهُ ابْنَ السَّبِيْلِ فَيَقُوْلُ اللهُ لَهُ : اليَوْمَ أَمْنَعُكَ فَضْلِيْ كَمَا مَنَعْتَ فَضْلَ مَا لَمْ تَعْمَلْ يَدَاكَ، وَرَجُلٌ بَايَعَ إِمَامًا لَايُبَايِعُهُ إِلَّا لِدُنْيَا، إِنْ أَعْطَاهُ رَضِيَ، وَإِنْ لَمْ يُعْطِهِ سَخِطَ، وَرَجُلٌ حَلَفَ عَلٰى سِلْعَةٍ بَعْدَ الْعَصْرِ كَاذِبًا.

A_©vr- Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv wK¡qvgZ w`e‡m wZb †kÖYxi †jv‡Ki mv‡_ K_v ej‡eb bv Zv‡`i cÖwZ ing‡Zi `„wó‡Z ZvKv‡eb bv Ges Zv‡`i‡K ¸bvn n‡Z cweÎI Ki‡eb bv| Zv‡`i Rb¨ fxlY kvw¯Í AeavwiZ i‡q‡Q| †h e¨w³ cw_K‡K AwZwi³ cvwb w`‡Z Am¤§wZ Rvbvq wK¡qvgZ w`e‡m Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv Zv‡K ej‡ebÑ AvR Avwg †Zvgv‡K Avgvi KiæYv I ingZ n‡Z ewÂZ ivLe, †hgb- Zzwg gvbyl‡K AwZwi³ cvwb n‡Z ewÂZ Ki‡Z, hv †Zvgvi kÖgjä bq| wØZxq e¨w³ ïay cvw_©e ¯^v‡_©i Rb¨ Bgv‡gi nv‡Z evqAvZ nq, Zv‡K wKQz †`qv n‡j Lykx nq, Avi bv †`qv n‡j Amš‘ó nq| Z…Zxq e¨w³ Zvi gvj AwZwi³ `v‡g weµq Kivi Rb¨ ÔAvm‡ii ci wg_¨v kc_ K‡i|[9]

D³ nv`x‡m cÖZxqgvb nq †h, AwZwi³ cvwb `vb Ki‡Z Am¤§wZ Rvbv‡j fxlY kvw¯Íi m¤§yLxb n‡Z n‡e| GZ`m‡Z¡I GK`j ÔAv‡jg AwZwi³ cvwb w`‡Z wb‡la Kiv‡K Rvwqh g‡b K‡ib|

wKš‘ nv`x‡mi `jxj Abymv‡i, H Kv‡R Avgv‡`i‡K nvivgB ej‡Z n‡e| GZ`m‡Ë¡I †h H KvR Rvwqh g‡b K‡i, †m kvw¯Íi Dchy&³ bq| †Kbbv, Zvwe‡ji Kvi‡Y Zvi IRi Keyj Ki‡Z n‡e|

10. bvex Kvixg (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡jb :

«لَعَنَ اللهُ الْمُحَلِّلَ، وَالْمُحَلَّلَ لَهُ».

Avjøvn gynvjøvj Ges gynvjøvj jvû Df‡qi Dci jvÔbvZ †`b|[10]

A_©vr- †h e¨w³ Ab¨ Kv‡iv Rb¨ nvjvj Kivi wbq‡Z †Kv‡bv ¯¿x‡jvK‡K we‡q K‡i, Avjøvn H e¨w³i Dci Awfkvc †`b| Avi †h e¨w³i Rb¨ H ¯¿x †jvKwU nvjvj Kiv nq, Zvi Dci gnvb Avjøvni jvÔbvZ ev Awfkvc|[11]

ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) Ges mvnvevMY n‡Z I Giƒc ewY©Z Av‡Q| GZ`m‡Ë¡I KwZcq ÔAv‡jg nvjvj Kivi Rb¨ G we‡q Rvwqh g‡b K‡ib|

Avevi †KD H cÖKvi we‡q GB k‡Z© Rvwqh iv‡Lb, hw` we‡qi AvK` Gi mgq †Kv‡bv cÖKvi kZ© bv Kiv nq| Zv‡`i GB K_vi †cQ‡b eû IRi AvcwË Av‡Q| hviv nxjv we‡q Rvwqh e‡jb, Zv‡`i `jxj GB †h, †h mKj AvK` we‡q eÜb Gi mv‡_ k‡Z©i D‡jøL _v‡K bv, †mUv‡Z AvK` Gi ûKzg Aewkó _vK‡e Ges G‡Z †Kv‡bv cÖKvi cwieZ©b †`Lv w`‡e bv|

Avi hviv GB KvR A‡b¨i ¯¿x‡K nvjvj Kiv Rvwqh g‡b K‡ib, Zv‡`i Kv‡Q nvivg m¤úwK©Z nv`xm †cuŠ‡Qwb| †Kbbv Zv‡`i cyivZb wKZvemg~‡n H nv`xm †bB| nu¨v hw` Zv‡`i Kv‡Q G nv`xm †cuŠQZ, Zvn‡j Aek¨B Zviv H nv`xm Zv‡`i wKZv‡e wjwce× Ki‡Zb Ges G nv`xm‡K `jxj wnmv‡e MÖnY Ki‡Zb A_ev H nv`x‡mi Reve w`‡Zb| GUvI m¤¢e n‡Z cv‡i †h, Zv‡`i Kv‡Q nv`xmwU †cuŠ‡Q‡Q, wKš‘ Zviv Zvi Zvwej K‡i‡Qb| A_ev D³ nv`xm‡K gbm~L ev iwnZ †NvlYv K‡i‡Qb| Avevi GI m¤¢e n‡Z cv‡i †h, GB nv`x‡mi wec‡¶ Ab¨ GKwU nv`xm i‡q‡Q|

D‡jøwLZ eY©bvq GwU cÖZxqgvb nq †h, D‡jøwLZ †jvKMY nv`x‡m ewY©Z kvw¯Íi m¤§yLxb n‡e bv, hw`I Zviv D‡jøwLZ kZ©vbymv‡i nvjvj Kivi KvR K‡iI _v‡K|

Aek¨ Avgv‡`i GUv ej‡ZB n‡e †h, D³ تحليل ev nvjvj KivB kvw¯Íi KviY, hw`I k‡Z©i Afv‡e A_ev cÖwZeÜKZvi d‡j †Kv‡bv †Kv‡bv †jv‡Ki Dci GB kvw¯Í cÖ‡hvR¨ nq bv|

Giƒcfv‡e gyÔAvweqvn& (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û) whqv` Beby Avwewn‡K wb‡Ri mv‡_ m¤ú„³ K‡ib| cÖK…Zc‡¶ whqv`, nvwim Beby Kvj`vn-Gi weQvbvq Rb¥MÖnY K‡ib| †Kbbv Ave~ mywdqvb ej‡Zb : whqv` Avgvi ex‡h© Rb¥jvf K‡i‡Q, wKš‘ ivm~‡j Kvixg (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) e‡j‡Qb :

«مَنِ ادَّعَى إِلَى غَيْرِ أَبِيْهِ، وَهُوَ يَعْلَمُ أَنَّهُ غَيْرُ أَبِيْهِ، فَالْجَنَّةُ عَلَيْهِ حَرَامٌ».

A_©vr- †h e¨w³ Rvbv m‡Ë¡I Ab¨‡K wcZv ¯^xKvi K‡i, Zvi Rb¨ RvbœvZ nvivg|[12]

gnvbvex (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) Av‡iv e‡jb :

«مَنِ ادَّعَى إِلَى غَيْرِ أَبِيْهِ، أو تَوَلَّى غَيْرَ مَوَالِيهِ، فَعَلَيْهِ لَعْنَةُ اللهِ وَالمَلَائِكَةِ وَالنَّاسِ أَجْمَعِيْنَ، لَا يَقْبَلُ اللهُ مِنْهُ صَرْفًا وَلَا عَدْلًا».

A_©vr- †h e¨w³ Aci‡K wcZv e‡j `vex K‡i A_ev wb‡Ri gywbe _vKv m‡Z¡I Ab¨ gywb‡ei ek¨Zv ¯^xKvi K‡i Zvi Dci Avjøvn, gvjvBKv I mKj gvby‡li Awfkvc| Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv Zvi †Kv‡bv di&h I bdj ÔBev`Z BZ¨vw` Keyj Ki‡eb bv|[13]

ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg) Ab¨Î weavb w`‡q‡Qb : الولد للفراش A_©vr- mšÍvb H e¨w³i cÖvc¨, hvi `vmx A_ev ¯¿xi †c‡U H mšÍvb f‚wgó n‡q‡Q|

G‡Z K‡i Avgiv eywS †h, †h e¨w³ Zvi wcZv Qvov Ab¨‡K wcZv e‡j ¯^xKvi K‡i, †m H nv`x‡m D‡jøwLZ kvw¯Íi †hvM¨ e‡j we‡ewPZ n‡e| GZ`m‡Ë¡I, Avgiv wbw`©ó †Kv‡bv mvaviY e¨w³‡K GRb¨ `vqx Ki‡Z cvwi bv| mvnvex‡`i‡K Awfhy³ Kiv‡Zv `~‡ii K_v| A_©vr- mvnvex‡`i KvD‡KI ejv hv‡e bv †h, wZwb GB kvw¯Íi †hvM¨| †Kbbv ivm~j (mvjøvjøv-û ÔAvjvBwn Iqvmvjøvg)-Gi nv`xm الولد للفراش Avi gyÔAvweqvn& (ivwhqvjøv-û ÔAvb&û)Õi aviYv wQj †h, mšÍvb H e¨w³iB n‡e hvi ex‡h© †m Rb¥jvf K‡i‡Q| GK_vi Dci wfwË K‡iB whqv`‡K Ave~ mywdqv‡bi †Q‡j wn‡m‡e MY¨ Kiv n‡qwQj| †Kbbv whqv‡`i gvZv mygvBqvn& Ave~ mywdqvb KZ©…K Mf©eZx n‡qwQj|

GB weavb A‡bK †jv‡KiB ARvbv wQj| we‡kl K‡i, nv`xm msKj‡bi cÖmvi jv‡fi c~‡e© †ekxi fvM †jvK GB weavb m¤§‡Ü AÁ wQ‡jb| ZvQvov GI n‡Z cv‡i †h, Bmjv‡gi c~e© hy‡M mšÍvb H e¨w³iB cÖvc¨ wQj, hvi ex‡h© †m Rb¥jvf K‡i‡Q| GZبZxZ Ab¨vb¨ cÖwZeÜKZvi d‡j H Kv‡R kvw¯Í cÖ‡qvM nZ bv| †Kbbv †m Ggb †Kb KvR KiZ, hvi d‡j H ¸bvn gy‡Q †hZ| GQvov Av‡iv A‡b‡K cÖwZeÜKZv i‡q‡Q|

nvjvj I nviv‡gi `jx‡ji ci¯úi Ø›Ø : eû gvmAvjv G iKg Av‡Q, hvi nvivg nIqvi `jxj KziAvb I nv`xm Øviv cÖwZôZ n‡q‡Q| GZ`m‡Z¡I, KwZcq ÔAv‡jg Zv‡K nvjvj g‡b K‡ib| †Kbbv Zv‡`i Kv‡Q nviv‡gi `jxj †cuŠ‡Qwb| A_ev Zv‡`i Kv‡Q nviv‡gi `jxj †cuŠ‡Q‡Q, wKš‘ nvjv‡ji `jxj nviv‡gi `jx‡ji Dci cÖvavb¨ jvf K‡i‡Q| Aek¨ Zviv GUv Zv‡`i ÁvbI BR‡Znv‡`i ØvivB K‡i‡Qb|

nviv‡gi ûKzg I djvdj : †Kv‡bv e¯‘‡K nvivg Ki‡Z n‡j Zvi KZK¸‡jv ûKzg I djvdj Av‡Q| †hgb- 1. nviv‡g wjß e¨w³ ¸bvnMvi n‡e| 2. H e¨w³ fr©mbvi cvÎ| 3. †m kvw¯Íi Dchy³| 4. †m dv‡m‡Ki ch©vqfz³|

G¸‡jv Qvov Ab¨vb¨ djvdjI Av‡Q| wKš‘ nvivg cÖwZôvi Rb¨ KZK¸‡jv kZ© I evav wb‡laI i‡q‡Q| †hgb- KLbI †Kv‡bv e¯‘i nvivg cÖgvwYZ nq, wKš‘ nvivg nevi †Kv‡bv k‡Z©i Abycw¯’wZ‡Z ev †Kv‡bv cÖwZeÜKZvi d‡j nviv‡gi ûKzg iwnZ nq| A_ev H nvivg †Kv‡bv wbw`©ó †jv‡Ki †ejvq cÖ‡hvR¨ nq bv, A_P A‡b¨i †ejvq Zv cÖ‡hvR¨ n‡q _v‡K| GB wel‡q Avgiv K_v j¤^v Kijvg bv| †Kbbv D³ gvmAvjvi gvbyl `yB †kÖYx‡Z wef³|

mvj‡d mv‡jnx‡bi g‡Z gnvb Avjøvni ûKzg GK, Z‡e whwb BRwZnv‡` fzj Ki‡jb wZwb AcviM I mIqve cÖvß n‡eb|

1. mvj‡d mv‡jnxb I dKxM‡Yi gZ GB †h, gnvb Avjøvni weavb mK‡ji Rb¨ GKB iKg| †h e¨w³ BRwZnv‡`i d‡j Zvi we‡ivwaZv K‡i †m åvšÍ I A¶g| †m gnvb Avjøvni `iev‡i cÖwZ`vb cv‡e| hw`I †m Zvwej Ki‡Z wM‡q nvivg Kv‡R wjß n‡q e‡m, Zey Zvi Dci nviv‡gi cÖwZwµqv n‡e bv| †Kbbv Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv Zv‡K ¶gv K‡i‡Qb| Avi Avjøvn ZvÔAvjv KvD‡K Zvi mv‡a¨i evB‡i †Kv‡bv wKQz Pvwc‡q †`b bv|

2. ÔAv‡jgM‡Yi wØZxq `‡ji aviYv wek¦vm GB †h, H KvRwU gyRZvwn‡`i Rb¨ nvivg bq| †Kbbv nviv‡gi `jxj Zvi Kv‡Q †cuŠ‡Qwb| wKš‘ A‡b¨i Rb¨ nvivg|

D‡jøwLZ gvmAvjv `yÕwUi gZwe‡iva ci¯ú‡ii KvQvKvwQ, GUv ev‡K¨i g‡a¨ wewfbœZvi bvgvšÍi gvÎ|

g~jK_v GB †h, kvw¯Í m¤úwK©Z nv`xm ci¯úi we‡ivax n‡j Zv D‡jøwLZ eY©bvi ewnf©‚Z bq| ÔAv‡jgM‡Yi mw¤§wjZ ivq GB †h, †h Kv‡Ri Rb¨ kvw¯Í cÖ‡hvR¨ n‡q‡Q Zv Aek¨B nvivg| Zv Øviv `jxj MÖnY Kiv Rvwqh, †mUv AbyK‚‡j †nvK ev cÖwZK‚‡j †nvK| Aek¨ cÖwZK‚j Ae¯’vqB nv`xm Øviv †ekxifvM `jxj MÖnY Kiv n‡q _v‡K| Avevi nv`xm قطعي الدلالة Awbevh© Bw½Zen bv n‡j Zv Øviv Ø›Øhy³ ¯’v‡b `jxj MÖnY m¤ú‡K© ÔAv‡jgM‡Yi g‡a¨ gZwe‡iva i‡q‡Q| ###


[1] mnxn gymwjg, mybvb Beby gvRvn&- nvt 2277, mnxn|

[2] mnxûj eyLvix- nvt 2170 I mnxn gymwjg|

[3] Avngv`- nvt 657, mnxn gymwjg, mybvb Avb& bvmvqx|

[4] gymbv‡` Avng`, mybvb Ave~ `vE`, mybvb AvZ& wZiwghx|

[5] mnxûj eyLvix, mnxn gymwjg, gymbv` Avngv`|

[6] mnxûj eyLvix- nvt 3460, mnxn gymwjg|

[7] mnxûj eyLvix I mnxn gymwjg- nvt 1/2065|

[8] mnxûj eyLvix- nvt 31 I mnxn gymwjg|

[9] gymbv‡` Avngv`, mnxûj eyLvix, mnxn gymwjg|

[10] Beby gvRvn&- 1936, nvmvb, Ave~ `vE`- 2076, mnxn|

[11] gymbv‡` Avngv`, mybvb Avb& bvmvqx, mybvb AvZ& wZiwghx|

[12] mnxûj eyLvix- nvt 6766, mnxn gymwjg- nvt 115/63|

[13] mnxûj eyLvix I mnxn gymwjg|

আপনার মন্তব্য

ঢাকায় সূর্যোদয় : 5:22:21 সূর্যাস্ত : 6:47:59

সাপ্তাহিক আরাফাতকে অনুসরণ করুন

@সাপ্তাহিক আরাফাত